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So… you don’t know where to start when learning English or you feel you keep studying the same thing over and over again. If you’re studying English with an specific purpose, like for work or travel, is good to think the situations where you will use the language and focus on the vocabulary you can use on those situations. But if you’re studying it just because you like it or you can’t really imagine the situations where you will speak English so you want to be prepared for everything, you can use a guide to help you in your path of learning.

Here is a list of vocabulary and grammar of the essentials you should learn depending on your level, and also you have a short definition of the different CEFR levels to know what you need to achieve to master every level. More info about what the CEFR levels are, and what your level is here.

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A1 Beginner

Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance

(e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment).

Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters.

Can describe in simple terms aspects of their background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.

Source: Wikipedia


Greetings and farewells

Alphabet (spelling)

Introducing yourself (personal info, age, nationality)


Days of the week




Weather and seasons


Household chores

Routines, habits




Abilities and talents

Parts of the body

Basic health problems



Simple present (positive, negative and questions)

Articles: a/ an/ the

There is / there are

Prepositions of place


Present continuous

Telling the time

Some and any

Adverbs of frequency

Future tense with be going to

Simple past (positive and negative, questions, regular and irregular verbs)

Prepositional phrases (at, in, on)

Subject vs object pronouns